Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
GIOVANELLA, Ligia. Networks, disease management programs, GP coordinator: analysis of recent ambulatory reforms in Germany. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, suppl.1, pp.1081-1096. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000700040.
Strengthening the role of the general practitioner in the conduction and coordination of specialized, inpatient and social care to ensure the continuity is a trend observed in recent health reforms in European countries. In Germany, from the second half of the 1990s, driven by economic pressures, a specific legislation and initiatives of the providers themselves have developed new organizational structures and care models for the purpose of the integration of the health care system and the coordination of health care in the form of: physicians networks, practitioner coordinator model, diseases management programs and integrated care. From a literature review, document analysis, visits to services and interviews with key informants, this paper analyzes the dynamics of these organizational changes in the German outpatient sector. The mechanisms of integration and coordination proposed are examined, and the potential impacts on the efficiency and quality of new organizational arrangements are discussed. Also it is analyzed the reasons and interests involved that point out the obstacles to the implementation. It was observed the process of an incremental reform with a tendency of diversification of the healthcare panorama in Germany with the presence of integrated models of care and strengthening the role of general practitioners in the coordination of patient care.
Keywords : Health reforms; Primary health care; Coordination.