Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
GIACOMELLO, Karina Jorgino and MELO, Luciana de Lione. From fantasy to reality: understanding the way of playing of institutionalized children victims of violence through therapeutic play. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, suppl.1, pp.1571-1580. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000700093.
This qualitative research is based on the reference framework of Phenomenology analysis of the structure of the situated phenomenon, and aims to understand institutionalized children victims of violence through therapeutic play sessions. Participants were three sheltered children of preschool age, one boy and two goals. The therapeutic play sessions of the drama type were held in a reserved place and ranged from 30 to 50 minutes, using the following guiding proposal: "Let us play that we are children who live at the shelter?" Two broad theme categories could be captured: playing and pretending and playing and reality. When they are pretending while playing, sometimes calmly, sometimes violently, the children brought contents that evidenced situations in their daily family reality. When they expose their reality, the children addressed questions about the shelter institution and the bond with these professionals and with the relatives. It can be affirmed that therapeutic play allowed for the children's effective communication by expressing their feelings, desires, experiences, criticism against the environment they live in and family relations, besides permitting a moment of pleasure and relaxation.
Keywords : Institutionalized child; Violence; Games and toys; Qualitative research.