Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
PERES, Sílvia Helena de Carvalho Sales et al. Self-perception and malocclusion and their relation to oral appearance and function. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.10, pp. 4059-4066. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011001100011.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between malocclusion and self-perception of oral appearance/function, in 12/15-year-old Brazilian adolescents. The cluster sample consisted of 717 teenagers attending 24 urban public (n=611) and 5 rural public (n=107) schools in Maringá/PR. Malocclusion was measured using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI), in accordance with WHO recommendations. A parental questionnaire was applied to collect information on esthetic perception level and oral variables related to oral health. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Multiple logistic regression confirmed that for 12-year-old, missing teeth (OR=2.865) and presence of openbite (open occlusal relationship) (OR=2.865) were risk indicators for speech capability. With regard to 15-year-old, presence of mandibular overjet (horizontal overlap) (OR=4.016) was a risk indicator for speech capability and molar relationship (OR=1.661) was a risk indicator for chewing capability. The impact of malocclusion on adolescents' life was confirmed in this study. Speech and chewing capability were associated with orthodontic deviations, which should be taken into consideration in oral health planning, to identify risk groups and improve community health services.
Keywords : Malocclusion; Adolescent health; Self concept; Oral health.