Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
RISSIN, Anete; FIGUEIROA, José Natal; BENICIO, Maria Helena D'Aquino and BATISTA FILHO, Malaquias. Linear growth retardation in children under five years of age: a baseline study. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.10, pp. 4067-4076. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011001100012.
The scope of this study was to describe the prevalence of, and analyze factors associated with, linear growth retardation in children. The baseline study analyzed 2040 children under the age of five, establishing a possible association between growth delay (height/age index < 2 scores Z) and variables in six hierarchical blocks: socio-economic, residence, sanitary, maternal, biological and healthcare access. Multivariate analysis was performed using Poisson regression with the robust standard error option, obtaining adjusted prevalence ratios with a CI of 95% and the respective significant probability values. Among non-binary variables, there was a positive association with roof type and number of inhabitants per room and a negative association with income per capita, mother's schooling and birth weight. The adjusted analysis also indicated water supply, visit from the community health agent, birth delivery location, internment for diarrhea, or for pneumonia and birth weight as significant variables. Several risk factors were identified for linear growth retardation pointing to the multi-causal aspects of the problem and highlighting the need for control measures by the various hierarchical government agents.
Keywords : Linear growth retardation; Malnutrition; Multivariate analysis; Hierarchical model.