SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.16 issue12Public health, harm reduction and the prevention of blood-borne and sexually transmitted infections: a review of the core concepts and their implementation in Brazil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123


SANTOS, Juliana Dias Pereira dos; SILVEIRA, Daniel Vitório; OLIVEIRA, Daniele Falci de  and  CAIAFFA, Waleska Teixeira. Instruments used to evaluate smoking habits: a systematic review. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.12, pp.4707-4720. ISSN 1678-4561.

Smoking is one of the most important causes of illness in the world, responsible for one out of every eight deaths. To know the instruments that characterize the use of tobacco is the first step to develop reliable and comparable research to tackle this challenge. The objective was to identify and compare instruments and domains used in population-based studies over the past five years aiming to determine smoking patterns. A systematic review was conducted on articles published from September 2002 to September 2007. The terms used were: (*Smok or tobacco) AND (Questionnaire or scale or score or instrument or assessment or form) AND (*cultural* or translat* or valid* or reproduc* or psychomet*). Out of 2,236 references, 186 articles were selected, of which only 91 informed the instruments used. From the 91 manuscripts, 49 distinct instruments were identified. The main topics were profile and prevalence (38%), dependence (24%) and motivation (10.8%). The researchers used standard instruments in 96% of studies of addiction. The majority of articles about profile and prevalence (79%) used self-developed questionnaires. The transparency and standardization of instruments and the preference for the use of validated questionnaires are crucial areas for quality and reproducibility of research on smoking.

Keywords : Systematic review; Instrument; Smoking.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf )