Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
BARBOSA, Eduardo Macedo; BARATA, Matha Macedo de Lima and HACON, Sandra de Souza. Health and environmental licensing: a methodological proposal for assessment of the impact of the oil and gas industry. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.2, pp.299-310. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000200005.
Bearing in mind the importance of the impacts of the oil industry on human health, this article seeks to present a methodological proposal for analysis of these aspects in environmental impact assessment studies, based on the established legal parameters and a validated matrix for the hydroelectric sector. The lack of health considerations in the environmental impact assessment was detected in most of the 21 oil production enterprises analyzed, that were licensed in the period from January 1, 2004 through October 30, 2009. The health matrix proved to be an appropriate methodological approach to analyze these aspects in the environmental licensing process, guiding decisions and interventions in socio-environmental management.
Keywords : Health impact assessment; Environmental management; Environmental licensing; Oil and gas industry.