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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
MINAYO, Maria Cecília de Souza. Qualitative analysis: theory, steps and reliability. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.3, pp. 621-626. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000300007.
This essay seeks to conduct in-depth analysis of qualitative research, based on benchmark authors and the author's own experience. The hypothesis is that in order for an analysis to be considered reliable, it needs to be based on structuring terms of qualitative research, namely the verbs 'comprehend' and 'interpret', and the nouns 'experience', 'common sense' and 'social action'. The 10 steps begin with the construction of the scientific object by its inclusion on the national and international agenda; the development of tools that make the theoretical concepts tangible; conducting field work that involves the researcher empathetically with the participants in the use of various techniques and approaches, making it possible to build relationships, observations and a narrative with perspective. Finally, the author deals with the analysis proper, showing how the object, which has already been studied in all the previous steps, should become a second-order construct, in which the logic of the actors in their diversity and not merely their speech predominates. The final report must be a theoretic, contextual, concise and clear narrative.
Keywords : Qualitative analysis; Qualitative research; Comprehension; Interpretetion; Dialetics.