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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

Print version ISSN 1413-8123

Abstract

GASPAROTTO, Lívia Pimenta Renó; REIS, Camila Costa Ibiapina; RAMOS, Luiz Roberto  and  SANTOS, José Francisco Quirino dos. Self-evaluation of posture by elderly people with or without thoracic khyposis. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.3, pp. 717-722. ISSN 1413-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000300018.

This article lists the differences between self-perception of body posture among the elderly suffering from postural alterations or not, in order to ascertain whether self-evaluation of posture can lead to preventive measures. Eighteen cases from the elderly population participated in the EPIDOSO project at UNIFESP and were subjected to postural evaluation. Postures were photographed and copies given to the participants and their subsequent comments were analyzed by the qualitative method. The narratives were taped and cataloguedusingthe technique of theoretical axial and selective coding from the perspective of symbolic interactionism. A passive attitude was identified among the elderly in relation to postural alterations. There is a distortion of body image by those with postural deviation. Participants with adequate spinal alignment were more conscious about body posture and the importance of this being assimilated in the phases prior to aging. The adoption of postural self-care seems to occur in the earlier stages of aging and preventive measures should be implemented at this stage. Lack of concern about posture is linked to the concept of the elderly regarding the notion that aging is, in itself, the accumulation of inevitably simultaneous or successive dysfunctions.

Keywords : Elderly people; Posture; Perception.

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