Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
RODRIGUES-JUNIOR, Antonio Luiz. Epidemiological intelligence as a model of organization in health. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.3, pp. 797-805. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000300027.
The concept of epidemiological intelligence, as a construction of information societies, goes beyond monitoring a list of diseases and the ability to elicit rapid responses. The concept should consider the complexity of the definition of epidemiology in the identification of this object of study without being limited to a set of actions in a single government sector. The activities of epidemiological intelligence include risk assessment, strategies for prevention and protection, subsystems of information, crisis management rooms, geographical analysis, etc. This concept contributes to the understanding of policies in health, in multisectorial and geopolitical dimensions, as regards the organization of services around public health emergencies, primary healthcare, as well as disasters. The activities of epidemiological intelligence should not be restricted to scientific research, but the researchers must beware of threats to public health. Lalonde's model enabled consideration of epidemiological intelligence as a way to restructure policies and share resources by creating communities of intelligence, whose purpose is primarily to deal with public health emergencies and disasters.
Keywords : Epidemiologic intelligence; Emergencies in public health; Healthcare networks.