Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
SALGADO, Rogério de Souza; CAMPOS, Valdir Ribeiro; DUAILIBI, Sérgio and LARANJEIRA, Ronaldo Ramos. The Impact of Prohibition on drinking and driving in Belo Horizonte in the State of Minas Gerais. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.4, pp.971-976. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000400019.
The scope of this paper is to present comparative data on drinking and driving behavior among drivers in Belo Horizonte in the State of Minas Gerais, in the period from 2005 to 2009, evaluating the impact of Law No. 11.705 (Prohibition), dated June 6, 2008. Data regarding prevalence of this behavior, collected at Sobriety Checkpoints (internationally used methodology) were analyzed using representative samples obtained from drivers on different public roads with intensive traffic in Belo Horizonte (2005-2009), thus permitting analysis of the impact of the new law. In 2008, the data showed a reduction of approximately 50% in the prevalence of individuals driving with any level of alcohol in the blood, when compared to 2007, after the change in legislation. This study showed that the impact caused by Law No.11.705 was marked in the sense of modifying the behavior under scrutiny. However, other control measures need to be added to the current legislation, in order to obtain a continuous reduction of drinking and driving behavior, thereby fostering a culture of sobriety on the road.
Keywords : Consumption of alcoholic beverages; Vehicle driving; Accident prevention; Traffic accidents; Public policies.