Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
GOIS, Swyanne Macêdo; SANTOS JUNIOR, Hudson Pires de Oliveira; SILVEIRA, Maria de Fátima de Araújo and GAUDENCIO, Mércia Maria de Paiva. Beyond bars and punishments: a systematic review of prison health. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.5, pp. 1235-1246. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000500017.
A systematic review of scientific production on Prison Health was conducted, seeking to verify how the subject matter has been dealt with, establishing which is the most exploited focus and identifying possible gaps. The search was carried out in the Virtual Health Library. 1160 articles were located: 1104 on MEDLINE, 19 on LILACS and 37 on SciELO, published from 1993 to 2010. As MEDLINE and LILACS do not show the entire articles, the places, dates and languages of the texts were charted. In-depth analysis was restricted to works which were shown in their entirety and free of charge hosted on SciELO. It revealed that scientific production is present all over the world with a predominantly quantitative approach. It focuses on identifying the socio-demographic profile and health conditions of prisoners, the incidence of tuberculosis, Human Immunodeficiency and Hepatitis C virus infections. There is a predominance of studies carried out with male prisoners, in comparison with the female sex. It is clear that prisoner health is a public health problem on the rise, which demands research that can orient health policies and strategies.
Keywords : Delivery of healthcare; Primary healthcare; Prisons; Prisoners.