Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
versão impressa ISSN 1413-8123
GALLO, Edmundo et al. Health and the green economy: challenges for sustainable development and the eradication of poverty. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.6, pp. 1457-1468. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000600010.
In a scenario where ecosystemic services are being eroded and there is high social inequity, a new model of development is necessary, namely one capable of promoting social development with a reduction of its ecological footprint. The 'Green Economy' model is one of the proposed models. This paper seeks to analyze the environmental, social and individual impacts on human health in the context of a 'brown economy', and discusses the contributions of a green economy on the promotion of equity and health. The assumption is that economic development and environmental sustainability are not incompatible and both contribute to the eradication of poverty. The transition to a sustainable economy depends on political decisions, and transcends technological developments. Above all, it should instigate new models of production, consumption and social organization, which promote socio-environmental justice, encouraging social participation and democratic forms of governance to define a solid agenda for the implementation of sustainable development and mechanisms to implement them at all levels.
Palavras-chave : productive implementation of health; sustainable development; capitalism; brown economy; Rio+20; socio-environmental justice.