Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
LIMA, Luciana Dias de; QUEIROZ, Lúcia F. N. de; MACHADO, Cristiani Vieira and VIANA, Ana Luiza d'Ávila. Decentralization and regionalization: dynamics and conditioning factors for the implementation of the Health Pact in Brazil. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.7, pp.1903-1914. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000700030.
Decentralization and regionalization represent constitutional guidelines for the organization of the Unified Health System, which in the last 20 years has required the adoption of mechanisms to coordinate and accommodate federative tensions in Brazil's healthcare sector. This paper analyzes the national implementation of the Health Pact between 2006 and 2010 involving a strategy that reconfigures intergovernmental relations in the sector. The study involved the analysis of documents, official data and interviews with federal, state and municipal managers in the Brazilian states. The content of the national proposal is initially discussed, including its implications for health policy. The different rhythms and degrees of implementation of the Health Pact are then reviewed, with respect to adherence by states and municipalities and the formation of Regional Management Boards. Lastly, the conditioning factors for the multiplicity of experiences observed in the country are identified and the challenges facing progress toward a decentralized and regionalized health system in Brazil are discussed.
Keywords : Decentralization; Regional health planning; Health policy; Unified Health System; Federalism; Health pact.