Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
ALQUIMIM, Andréia Farias; BARRAL, Ana Beatris Cezar Rodrigues; GOMES, Kênnya Caroline and REZENDE, Mayra Costa de. Evaluation of labor-related and physical risk factors for cardiovascular disease in drivers of urban transport buses in Montes Claros in the state of Minas Gerais. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.8, pp.2151-2158. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000800025.
The scope of this study was to evaluate risk factors for cardiovascular disease among bus drivers in Montes Claros in the state of Minas Gerais. A semi-structured questionnaire covering personal, anthropometric, professional and labor-related data was used, in addition to a questionnaire on the level of stress. 53 bus drivers were surveyed and the average age was 30 to 39 years of age. 81.1% were non-smokers; 58% of the sample were teetotalers; and 50% took regular exercise. In the assessment of BMI, 40 drivers (75.4%) were overweight. The prevalence in eating habits revealed excess consumption of sugar (66.0%), fat (64.2%), coffee (69.8%), salt (60.4%), coca cola (64.2%) and soft drinks (54.7%). Among reports of chronic diseases, no diabetic (98.1%) or hypertensive (94.3%) drivers were observed. Most of the sample (69.7%) had normal stress levels. With respect to laboratory data, the vast majority of drivers had hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia. HDL levels were satisfactory, and the LDL revealed normal and desirable levels in more than half of the sample. The prevalence of cardiovascular disease was low.
Keywords : Risk factors; Cardiovascular disease; Bus driver; Urban transport.