Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
MALTA, Deborah Carvalho et al. Accidents by external causes in adolescents: care in sentinel urgency and emergency services in the Brazilian State Capitals - 2009. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.9, pp. 2291-2304. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000900011.
Adolescents are seeking new references and experiences, which may involve attitudes of risk and exposure to accidents and violence from external causes. These events constitute a serious Public Health problem. The scope of this study was to analyze the occurrence of accidents by external causes in adolescents from 10 to 19 years of age attended at sentinel urgency and emergency services in Brazil. Data from the 2009 Surveillance System for Violence and Accidents (VIVA 2009) was analyzed in 74 emergency units in 23 state capitals and the Federal District. The findings revealed that 6,434 adolescents (89.8%) were victims of accidents and 730 (10.2 %) were victims of violence. The main causes of the accidents were falls and traffic accidents, and assaults were predominant in violence. For both accidents and violence, non-white male adolescents were predominant and the events occurred most frequently on the public highways. A marked increase was detected, with hospitalization of victims of violence between 15 and 19 years of age. Understanding the epidemiological reality of external causes among adolescents represents an important tool for health prevention and promotion policies and the culture of peace seeking to reduce morbidity and mortality.
Keywords : Adolescence; External causes; Violence; Accidents; Investigation; Surveillance.