Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
PRADO, Juliana de Almeida et al. Relations between Depression, Alcohol and Gender in the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, Brazil. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.9, pp.2425-2434. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000900023.
As part of the GENACIS project, this paper sought to assess the prevalence of depression in an urban sample in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, as well as the association between depression and alcohol abuse according to gender. To achieve this, an epidemiological survey was conducted using a stratified probability sample, including 2,083 adults. CIDI SF was used to identify depression. The Rao Scott test and multivariate logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. The response rate was 74.9%. Females (58.3%) under 40 years of age (52%) were predominant. The prevalence of depression was 28.3% for women and 12.7% for men. Most men declared being drinkers (61.1%) in the last year. Depression was associated with an alcohol drinking pattern, mostly binge drinking, in addition to the occurrence of problems derived from alcohol use. Most women declared being abstainers (69.5%). Depression was associated with cohabiting with spouses with alcohol-related problems. Results reveal that the association between depression and alcohol consumption is distinct between genders.
Keywords : Depression; Alcohol; Gender; Epidemiological survey.