Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
HACKER, Mariana de Andrea Vilas Boas et al. Patients from a Reference Center for Leprosy: Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias, 1986-2008. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.9, pp.2533-2541. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000900033.
The scope of this study was to compare epidemiological data on leprosy patients living in two cities with different socioeconomic and endemic profiles that were monitored in a single center of reference. A descriptive study was made of data from patients in the Souza Araújo Outpatient facility treated in the period 1986-2008, who were resident in the cities of Rio de Janeiro = 1353) and Duque de Caxias (n = 336). Results: Among patients from Duque de Caxias, in comparison with patients from Rio de Janeiro, there was a higher proportion of cases: below the age of 15 years, multibacillary, higher initial bacilloscopic index (BI) and cases detected through surveillance of contacts. Patients in Duque de Caxias had lower average incomes and education levels. There were no statistically significant differences regarding gender, disability level, reaction in the diagnosis, final BI, bandonment and regularity of treatment. The differences found between the patients monitored in a single center of reference, could be partly related to contextual differences between the municipalities. On the other hand, it was observed that the provision of treatment and monitoring can minimize the effect of different contextual factors on health outcomes.
Keywords : Leprosy; Epidemiology; Brazil.