Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
JULIANO, Ester Feche Guimarães de Arruda; FEUERWERKER, Laura Camargo Macruz; COUTINHO, Sonia Maria Viggiani and MALHEIROS, Tadeu Fabrício. Rationale and knowledge for the universal implementation of sanitation in areas of social vulnerability. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.11, pp.3037-3046. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012001100020.
The adoption of principles of equality and universality stipulated in legislation for the sanitation sector requires discussions on innovation. The existing model was able to meet sanitary demands, but was unable to attend all areas causing disparities in vulnerable areas. The universal implementation of sanitation requires identification of the know-how that promotes it and analysis of the model adopted today to establish a new method. Analysis of how different viewpoints on the restructuring process is necessary for the definition of public policy, especially in health, and understanding its complexities and importance in confirming social practices and organizational designs. These are discussed to contribute to universal implementation of sanitation in urban areas by means of a review of the literature and practices in the industry. By way of conclusion, it is considered that accepting a particular concept or idea in sanitation means choosing some effective interventions in the network and on the lives of individual users, and implies a redefinition of the space in which it exercises control and management of sewerage networks, such that connected users are perceived as groups with different interests.
Keywords : Universality; Sanitation; Vulnerability; Health; Innovation.