Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
SANTOS NETO, Edson Theodoro dos; OLIVEIRA, Adauto Emmerich; ZANDONADE, Eliana and LEAL, Maria do Carmo. Access to dental care during prenatal assistance. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.11, pp. 3057-3068. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012001100022.
This study sought to evaluate the self-perceived response to dental care during prenatal assistance in the Unified Health System (SUS) in the Metropolitan Region of Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil. 1032 postpartum women were interviewed and 1006 prenatal records copied. Postpartum women's self-perceived response was measured by the Oral Health Index Profile-14. When an impact was identified, dental care rendered in educational, preventive and curative terms was considered adequate. When there was no impact, assistance was considered adequate in educational and preventive terms. The Chi-square test revealed an association between prenatal care and dental care. Oral health impact on quality of life was 14.7%. Dental care received by mothers in educational terms was rated at 41.3%, while in preventive terms it was 21% and in curative terms it was 16.6%. Six or more prenatal appointments coupled with educational activities was closely associated with adequate dental care (p < 0.05). Access to dental care is facilitated when pregnant women attend health services and become involved in educational activities during the prenatal period. Consequently, educational measures appear to indicate an improvement in prenatal care in the SUS.
Keywords : Mother-child health; Prenatal care; Quality of health care; Dental care.