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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
CERVATO-MANCUSO, Ana Maria; TONACIO, Larissa Vicente; SILVA, Erika Rodrigues da and VIEIRA, Viviane Laudelino. The participation of the nutritionist in Primary Health Care in a large urban center. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.12, pp.3289-3300. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012001200014.
Nutritionists are important professionals for ensuring the implementation of health promotion, treatment and rehabilitation. However, their participation in primary healthcare from a quantitative standpoint is limited. The city of São Paulo has experienced an uneven urbanization process triggering new problems of insecurity in terms of food and nutrition. This article analyzes the performance of the primary healthcare nutritionist in a large urban center. It is a quantitative study that used data from the Municipal Health Department, population data of São Paulo and a semi-structured questionnaire applied in individual interviews. All regions of the city are found to have fewer nutritionists than the recommendation of the Federal Council of Nutritionists. There are 123 nutritionists in the basic healthcare network and 51 in the Family Health Support Nuclei (FHSN) (57.3%). Each nutritionist from the FHSN accompanies 7.1 family health strategy teams on average. The age groups corresponding to children are less frequently seen by nutritionists. Comparing the activities, the transition from a model of primary health care focused on individual care to a model that prioritizes group care was observed.
Keywords : Primary healthcare; Human Resources; Nutrition; Urban center.