Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
DIEZ, Beatriz Salgado. Discourses of primary mental healthcare teams on addressing gender violence within the context of relationships. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.12, pp.3301-3310. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012001200015.
Violence against women within relationships is a problem which is in the public eye and is mainly associated with the gender factor. It is therefore crucial to incorporate a gender perspective in order to understand and intervene in this phenomenon. A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews and applying content analysis, to analyze if the declared discourse of the Primary Mental Healthcare teams in Valparaíso (physicians, psychologists, social workers), regarding tackling violence against women within the context of a relationship includes perceptions, knowledge and ideas based on the gender perspective. There is a general consensus on how to deal with battered women, as for all of them it is very important to create an empathic, therapeutic space of containment. Multidisciplinary and intersectoral work is considered important in the work discussions and the risk of repeat victimization was mentioned. In general, there was no intention to empower women from a gender perspective, with the exception of some psychologists (males and females). This work could lead to a critical evaluation of the various discourses of Primary Mental Healthcare Teams in addressing gender-based violence.
Keywords : Gender violence; Domestic violence; Partner violence; Primary healthcare; Mental health.