SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.10 issue1Malnutrition as an underlying or associated cause of death: analysis of the quality of information on women of reproductive ageIndicators of tuberculosis morbimortality in hospitals in the city of São Paulo author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790X

Abstract

MONDINI, Lenise et al. Nutrition status in Kamaiurá Indian children: Alto Xingu, Central Brazil. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2007, vol.10, n.1, pp. 39-47. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2007000100005.

In order to evaluate nutritional and anemic status, 112 Indian children (Kamaiurá), aged from 0 to 119.9 months, from the Alto Xingu region of central Brazil were studied in 2000/2001. The international growth reference - NCHS was used to evaluate height and weight, according to the child's age and gender. Growth deficit (stunting) and low weight status (wasting) were determined when height-for-age and weight-for-height indices were below _2 z scores, respectively, and obesity status when the weight-for-height index was above 2 z scores. Stunting was observed in 1/3 of the children and neither wasting nor obesity were observed. The anemic status was diagnosed by hemoglobin values below 11 g/dl for children from 6 to 59 months of age, and below 11.5 g/dl, for children from 60 to 119.9 months. About 50% of the Indian children were anemic and 15% were affected by severe anemia. There is a particular need to ensure efforts to implement environment, health and nutrition programs addressed to Kamaiurá children.

Keywords : Children; Indians; Growth deficit; Anemia; Alto Xingu; Brazil.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · pdf in Portuguese