Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
Print version ISSN 1415-790X
OLIVEIRA, Carine Ervolino de; BERNINI, Gabriel Fiorelli; MIYAZAKI, Luís César Y. and TOMITA, Nilce Emy. Sociodemographic characteristics of death by oral cancer in Bauru, SP, Brazil, in the 1991-2001 period: use of geoprocessing. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2008, vol.11, n.2, pp.185-195. ISSN 1415-790X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2008000200001.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate death rates by oral cancer in the period from 1991 to 2001, in the city of Bauru-SP. The source of information used for recognition and selection of the target population were Death Certificates from Registry Offices of Bauru with data on the 1991-2001 period. The information collected encompassed gender, age, site of lesion, and address. Address collection aimed at identifying the household geographical location in the city map. By means of geoprocessing tools, cases were plotted in the map. Records show 67 cases of death by oral cancer in Bauru between 1991 and 2001, with larger rates for males in their sixth decade of life. The spatial distribution analysis shows that most cases are found close to the railway that crosses the city. On a large scale, the railway accounted for the territorial occupation made by locals, being an area that encompasses the oldest sections of the town. Oral cancer constitutes an important cause of death in the city, thus requiring address-matched action planning by the local health system.
Keywords : Oral Cancer; Geoprocessing; Death.