Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
Print version ISSN 1415-790X
CONSOLMAGNO, Denise Camargo et al. Training 7-10 year-old students to complete a food diary. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2009, vol.12, n.3, pp.404-412. ISSN 1415-790X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2009000300009.
INTRODUCTION: Although the effectiveness of training to improve the accuracy of diet self-reporting in adults is recognized, few studies evaluate its success in children. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of training 7-to-10-year school children in their abi-lity to complete a food diary (FD) correctly. METHODS: The study was carried out in a public school in the city of São Paulo. Forty schoolchildren of both genders participated in the training, which consisted of 3 sessions of 30 minutes each. The effectiveness of the training was assessed by 3 examiners, who evaluated data completion before and after the training sessions. The examiners attri-buted scores ranging from 0 to 5 to aspects such as identification, detail and quantification of foods in FDs. Medium score for each aspect was subsequently calculated. Wilcoxon test was used to compare depen-dent samples. RESULTS: There was evidence of statistical difference in the three aspects when before-and-after training scores were assessed: identification (p<0.001), detail (p=0.003) and quantification (p<0.001) of foods. Most values were higher after training. CONCLUSION: It is possible to increase 7-10-year-old school children's ability to complete a Food Diary after participating in a training program similar to the one presented in this paper.
Keywords : training; Food diaries; Dietary intake; Students; Child.