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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
Print version ISSN 1415-790X
CARDOSO, Jefferson Paixão et al. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among teachers. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2009, vol.12, n.4, pp. 604-614. ISSN 1415-790X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2009000400010.
The article describes the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain according to socio-demographic and occupational variables among elementary school teachers. A cross-sectional study included all 4,496 school teachers of the municipal elementary education network of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. There was a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in lower limbs (41.1%), upper limbs (23.7%) and back (41.1%). The overall prevalence of musculoskeletal pain related to any of the three body segments was 55%. Musculoskeletal pain was more prevalent in the three body segments investigated: among women, the elderly, those with high-level school education, married, with three or more children, and who had worked over fourteen years as teachers. The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain was associated with the following occupational variables: working over five years at the school, high level of physical exertion, not having a paid activity other than teaching, and reporting heat in the classroom. The findings draw attention toward the need to adopt public policies to improve the working conditions of teachers.
Keywords : teacher; occupational health; education; low back pain; back pain.