Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
Print version ISSN 1415-790X
NOGUEIRA, Jordana de Almeida et al. Family focus and community orientation in tuberculosis control. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.2, pp. 207-216. ISSN 1415-790X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2011000200003.
This study aimed to describe tuberculosis control actions in the context of Family Health Teams, regarding the dimensions family focus and community orientation. A cross-sectional evaluative research was carried out in 2008, with 84 healthcare workers. The Primary Care Assessment Tool was used, validated and adapted to assess tuberculosis care in Brazil. Respondents answered each question according to a pre-determined scale, (Likert's scale) ranging from zero to five. Data were tabulated using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software and were analyzed according to frequency and median. In the first dimension, outcomes revealed that 67.9% of health workers evaluate contact cases with diagnostic tests; 63.1% use radiology tests; 64.3% include the household to face the disease; 77.4% identify risk factors; 41.7% interface with other sectors to find solutions for the identified problems. In the second dimension, 73.8% of them perform case search; 40.5% provide inputs for sputum collection; 50% take educational actions in the community; 14.3% recognize social participation in tuberculosis control. Therefore, the efficiency of such services requires taking actions that give special attention to family and community, and the development of skills to create new spaces for professionals to act and to strengthen the interface with other sectors of society.
Keywords : Tuberculosis; Primary Health Care; Health Services Evaluation; Family Health; Health Policy; Family.