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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
Print version ISSN 1415-790X
LEVY, Renata Bertazzi et al. Availability of added sugars in Brazil: distribution, food sources and time trends. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.1, pp.3-12. ISSN 1415-790X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2012000100001.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the regional and socio-economic distribution of consumption of added sugar in Brazil in 2002/03, particularly products, sources of sugar and trends in the past 15 years. METHODS: The study used data from Household Budget Surveys since the 1980s about the type and quantity of food and beverages bought by Brazilian families. Different indicators were analyzed: % of sugar calories over the total diet energy and caloric % of table sugar fractions and sugar added to processed food/ sugar calories of diet. RESULTS: In 2002/03, of the total energy available for consumption, 16.7% came from added sugar in all regional and socio-economic strata. The table sugar/ sugar added to processed food ratio was inversely proportional to increase in income. Although this proportion fell in the past 15 years, sugar added to processed food doubled, especially in terms of consumption of soft drinks and cookies. CONCLUSIONS: Brazilians consume more sugar than the recommended levels determined by the WHO and the sources of consumption of sugar have changed significantly.
Keywords : Sugar; Add sugar; Sugar industry; Brazil; Household Budget Survey.