Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
Print version ISSN 1415-790X
CARRENO, Ioná; BONILHA, Ana Lúcia de Lourenzi and COSTA, Juvenal Soares Dias da. Epidemiological profile of maternal deaths in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: 2004-2007. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.2, pp. 396-406. ISSN 1415-790X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2012000200017.
This study analyzed the epidemiological profile of maternal deaths that occurred from 2004 to 2007 in Rio Grande do Sul, by means of Maternal Mortality Rates and Specific Maternal Mortality Ratio. Data was obtained from the Health Information System database and 323 maternal deaths were identified. In order to analyze indicators, Poisson regression and statistical tests were carried out. A decrease in maternal mortality rates (0.98) was identified, although there was no difference in estimate measures (CI95% 0.87-1.10). Maternal deaths were more frequent in women who were over 40 years old, had low schooling, black skin and no partners. The period of highest risk of maternal death was during pregnancy and birth, and the main direct causes were arterial hypertension and bleeding. Maternal mortality is an important issue to be confronted and reduced, given most maternal deaths could have been avoided.
Keywords : Maternal mortality; Women's health; Vital statistics; Reproductive health; Health Status Indicators.