Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
Print version ISSN 1415-790X
ASSUMPCAO, Daniela de et al. Diet quality among adolescents: a population-based study in Campinas, Brazil. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.3, pp. 605-616. ISSN 1415-790X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2012000300014.
We assessed the overall diet quality and adequacy of diet consumption of each component of the diet of adolescents according to demographic, socioeconomic and body mass index (BMI) data. A cross-sectional population-based study analyzed a representative sample of 409 adolescents, aged 12-19 years, using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). We estimated the prevalence of diets classified in the first quartile of the HEI and the average scores of each component of the HEI. Linear and Poisson multiple regressions were used in the analysis. The mean score of HEI was 59.7. We observed a lower prevalence of inadequate diets in the segment with heads of household presenting higher schooling. The lower socioeconomic status segments, measured by income and schooling, showed a lower consumption of vegetables, fruits, dairy products and a less diversified diet, and a higher intake of cereals and legumes. Overweight/obese adolescents consume more meat and eggs and less fruit compared to low weight/normal weight adolescents. Girls had a higher intake of total fat and lower sodium intake. The results identified diet components that deserve more attention in the strategies to promote healthy eating, and the more vulnerable segments among adolescents.
Keywords : Adolescent; Feeding behavior; Eating; Nutrition survey; Diet; Nutrition.