Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1726-4642Print version ISSN 1726-4634
MARQUEZ-MONTERO, Gianmarco et al. Health-related quality of life among urban and rural to urban migrant populations in Lima, Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.1, pp.35-41. ISSN 1726-4642. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1726-46342011000100006.
Objectives. To explore if there is a difference in the perception and self reported quality of life between rural-to-urban migrants and urban groups. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study, secondary analysis of the PERU-MIGRANT study (PEru’s Rural to Urban MIGRANTs Study). WHOQOL-Brief survey’s global scores and per specific domains obtained in the survey were compared using Kruskall-Wallis’ test and assessing size effect. Results. A total of 307 subjects (62.2% migrants, 57% female, means age 47 years-old) were surveyed. Compared with the urban group, migrants reported lower quality of life both on the global scores as well as in psychological health and the living environment domains. Migrants reported a higher score on the physical health’s domain. Conclusions. The impact of rural-to-urban migration on quality of life suggests a differential effect within its specific domains.
Keywords : Internal Migration; Rural-Urban Migration; Quality of Life; Peru; Developing Countries.