Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1726-4634
MAYTA-TRISTAN, Percy et al. Labor projection in the countryside and associated factors in newly collegiated physicians in Lima, Peru 2010. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.2, pp. 186-193. ISSN 1726-4634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1726-46342011000200004.
Objectives. To estimate the prevalence and associated factors with the labor porjection in the countryside of physicians from Lima. Materials and methods. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 782 physicians who were surveyed during their affiliation at Peruvian Medical College during March and April 2010. Labor projection in the countryside was defined such as if they responded "inside the country" to the question "Where do you plan to be working in the next five years?" We used a multiple logistic regression model to find the associated factors. Results. The average age of the participants was 25 years, 54% were female and 73% graduated in private universities. Only 7.0% reported plans to work in the countryside and 0,5% in rural areas. No association with gender, place of birth, having physicians in their family, university type, the english efficiency, having resided for more than a one year in the provinces and the year of completion of internship was found. In the multivariate analysis, we found association with having made the internship inside the country (OR: 3.1, 95%CI :1.5-6.3), communicate in Quechua (OR: 2.9, CI 1.4- 6.1), both parents born in the countryside (OR: 2.8, CI :1.4-5.6), while a monthly salary projection of more than $ 1780 dollars (OR: 0.4 CI :0.2-0,8) and living with their nuclear family or partner (OR: 0.3, CI :0.1-0.5) were negatively associated. Conclusions. Labor projection of work in the countryside of recently collegiated physicians from Lima is low. Some of the factors found can help to design strategies to reverse this situation.
Keywords : Physicians; Internal migration; Physicians no distribution; Rural areas; Peru.