Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1726-4634
PAJUELO-RAMIREZ, Jaime; MIRANDA-CUADROS, Marianella; CAMPOS-SANCHEZ, Miguel and SANCHEZ-ABANTO, José. Prevalence of overwight and obesity among children under five years in Peru 2007-2010. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.2, pp. 222-227. ISSN 1726-4634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1726-46342011000200008.
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children under five in Peru in the years 2007-2010 and to describe according to geographical areas, poverty levels, maternal education, breastfeeding, child age, sex and birth weight. Materials and methods: continuous (repeated cross-sectional) multistage, random sampling survey from the universe of children under five-years and pregnant women living in Peru, divided into five geographical areas. Results: Out of 3,669 children, 50.3% were males (Lima N=680, Remaining Coast N=763, Urban Sierra N=719, Rural Sierra N=699, Jungle N=808) having their weight and height measured according to international standards. The national prevalence of overweight and obesity was 6.9%, with Metropolitan Lima (10.1%) as the highest and in the Jungle (2.6%) as the lowest. Age, sex, geographical area and birth weight were identified as risk factors through multiple logistic regression. Conclusions: overweight and obesity are higher in Lima, during the first year of age and when birth weight is more than 2.5 Kg.
Keywords : Obesity; Overweight; Infant; Child, preschool; Infant; Nutrition surverys.