Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1726-4642Print version ISSN 1726-4634
QUEVEDO-TEJERO, Elsy del Carmen; ZAVALA-GONZALEZ, Marco Antonio; HERNANDEZ-GAMAS, Arianna del Carmen and HERNANDEZ-ORTEGA, Hilda María. Hip fracture in older adults: prevalence and costs in two hospitals. Tabasco, Mexico, 2009. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.3, pp.440-445. ISSN 1726-4642. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1726-46342011000300006.
Objectives. To determine hip fracture prevalence and direct healthcare costs in elderly users of the reference hospitals of the Mexican Institute of Social Insurance (IMSS by spanish initials) and Mexican Oils (PEMEX by spanish initials), from Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico, during 2009. Materials and methods. This is a cross-sectional study. The information was based on the registers of surgical interventions and institutional reports of the elderly inpatients who had a registered attention in their institution. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed considering the following variables: age, gender, hip fracture type, occurrence month, direct healthcare cost. Results. Out of 10,765 records of hospitalized elderly, 57 hip fracture cases were found (33 in the IMSS and 24 in PEMEX). Hip fracture prevalence was 0.5%, (IMSS 1.1% and PEMEX 0.3%), being more frequent in women and older than 69. The most frequent fracture type was the femur neck one (78.9%). The estimated cost of healthcare in the hospital per patient was USD 5,803 in the IMSS and USD 11,800 in PEMEX. Conclusions. The hip fracture prevalence was higher in the IMSS users. Estimated healthcare costs per patient were higher than the reported in other institutions of the of the mexican health national system.
Keywords : Elderly; Hip fractures; Epidemiology, descriptive; Retrospective studies; Costs and cost analysis.