Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1726-4642Print version ISSN 1726-4634
CABANILLAS-ROJAS, William. Risk/protective factors and prevention programs for drug dependence in Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.1, pp.104-111. ISSN 1726-4642. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1726-46342012000100016.
Risk/ protective factors (RPF) are main elements for the analysis, understanding and formulation of answers for the prevention of drug dependences. The objective of this article is to present a literature review about the RPF and their implications in the design of preventive programs. It will focus on individual (genetic aspects, early experiences and psicosocial skills), family (parental control and monitoring, permissiveness, parenting styles), peer (group pressure and social norms) and communitarian (disorganization) RPF. On the other hand, the need of incorporating a multifactor conceptual framework for the preventive approach to drug dependences, articulating the intervention spaces (school, family and community), assuming and evolving perspective allowing the implementations of sustained actions is evidenced. On top, the implications for future research and public policy formulation are discussed.
Keywords : Policy making; Drug abuse; Risk factors; Alcohol drinking; Prevention & control.