Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1726-4634
HERRERA-HUERTA, Emma V et al. Overweight and obesity in indigenous nahuas from Ixtaczoquitlán, Veracruz, Mexico. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.3, pp. 345-349. ISSN 1726-4634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1726-46342012000300008.
The study was aimed at determining the prevalence of overweight and obesity in indigenous nahuas from Ixtaczoquitlán, Veracruz, Mexico. For this purpose, a cross-cut study was conducted between 2010 and 2011, in which the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. To define overweight and obesity, the categories of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Mexican Official Standard (NOM, Spanish acronym) were used. 227 nahuas (77,5% women) were included. According to WHO’s guidelines, the rate for overweight among nahuas was 41%, and 36.5% for obesity; according to NOM, it was 11.4 and 69.2% respectively. In conclusion, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among indigenous nahuas is high. Studies should be conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors in order to develop prevention strategies based on this information to improve the health quality of these populations
Keywords : Overweight; Obesity; Indigenous population; Nutritional status; Mexico.