On-line version ISSN 1851-8265
AVILA VAZQUEZ, Medardo. Globalization and medical identities in clinical trials. Salud Colectiva [online]. 2007, vol.3, n.3, pp. 235-245. ISSN 1851-8265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1851-82652007000300002.
This article studies how the relation between clinical researchers and patients incorporated into protocol becomes apparent, i.e. doctor's perceptions of the "relation doctor-patient" as a "relation researcher-object of trial", for it, two well-known cases are being analyzed. The first case refers to trials seeking to reduce the perinatal transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in developing countries. These trials have established a double standard in treatment for African and Latin American pregnant women, recognizing them as "different". An ethnic limit has been defined to use them as a control group. The second case refers to analysis of commercial clinical trials, carried out at the Hospital Municipal Infantil de Córdoba, which were ideologically supported by the neoliberal identities and values promoted by globalization, thus breaking away from identities generated historically.
Keywords : Clinical Trial; Ethnic Groups; Drug Industry; Anthropology; HIV.