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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Print version ISSN 0042-9686

Bull World Health Organ vol.80 n.6 Genebra Jun. 2002

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862002000600018 

ANNUAL RISK OF TUBERCULOUS INFECTION*

by

G.M. Cauthen1, A. Pio2 and H.G. ten Dam3

 

 

REFERENCES

Bleiker, M.A. & Styblo, K. (1978) The annual tuberculosis infection rate and its trend in developing countries. Bulletin of the International union Against Tuberculosis, 53, 295-298.

Comstock, G.W., Furculow, M.L., Greenburg, R.A., Grzybowski, S., Maclean, R.A., Baer, H. & Edwards, P.Q. (1971) The tuberculin skin test. American Review of Respiratory Disease, 104, 769-775.

Chaparas, S.D., Vandiviere, H.M., Melvin, I., Koch, G. & Becker, C. (1985) Tuberculin test. Variability with the Mantoux procedure. American Review of Respiratory Disease, 132, 175-177.

Edwards, P.Q. & Edwards, L.B. (1960) Story of the tuberculin test from an epidemiologic viewpoint. American Review of Respiratory Disease, 81, suppl., 1-47.

Nyboe, J. (1960) The efficacy of the tuberculin test. Bulletin of the world Health Organization, 22, 5-37.

Pio A. Epidemiology of tuberculosis (1984) Minerva Medica, 75, 507-517.

Styblo K., Meijer, J. & Sutherland, I. (1969) The transmission of tubercle bacilli. Its trend in a human population. Tuberculosis Surveillance Research Unit Report No. 1. Bulletin of the International Union Against Tuberculosis, 62, 1- 104.

Styblo K. (1984) Epidemiology of tuberculosis. Infektionskrankheiten und ihre Erreger, VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena.

Styblo K. The relationship between the risk of tuberculous infection and the risk of developing infectious tuberculosis. Bulletin of the International Union Against Tuberculosis, 60, 117-119.

Sutherland, I. (1971)The effect of tuberculin reversion upon the estimate of the annual risk of infection. Bulletin of the International Union Against Tuberculosis, 45, 115-118.

Sutherland, I. (1976) Recent studies in the epidemiology of tuberculosis, based on the risk of being infected with tubercle bacilli. Advances in Tuberculosis Research, 19, 1-63.

 

 

1 Division of Tuberculosis Control, U.S. Centers for disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

2 Formely Chief Tuberculosis and Respiratory Infections Unit, Division of Communicable Diseases World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

3 Scientist, Tuberculosis Unit, Division of Communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Swirtzerland.

* The figures have been redrawn for reproduction by Hans L. Rieder, Switzerland.