SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

RAMJEE, Gita  and  WAND, Handan. Population-level impact of hormonal contraception on incidence of HIV infection and pregnancy in women in Durban, South Africa. Bull World Health Organ [online]. 2012, vol.90, n.10, pp.748-755. ISSN 0042-9686.

    1. Report on the global AIDS epidemic 2010. Geneva: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS; 2010. [ Links ]

    2. 2008 national antenatal sentinel HIV and syphilis prevalence survey, South Africa. Pretoria: National Department of Health; 2009. [ Links ]

    3. Harrison A, Cleland J, Frohlich J. Young people's sexual partnerships in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: patterns, contextual influences, and HIV risk. Stud Fam Plann 2008;39:295-308. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4465.2008.00176.x PMID: 19248716 [ Links ]

    4. Padian NS, van der Straten A, Ramjee G, Chipato T, de Bruyn G, Blanchard K et al. Diaphragm and lubricant gel for prevention of HIV acquisition in southern African women: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2007;370:251-61. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60950-7 PMID: 17631387 [ Links ]

    5. McCormack S, Ramjee G, Kamali A, Rees H, Crook AM, Gafos M et al. PRO2000 vaginal gel for prevention of HIV-1 infection (Microbicides Development Programme 301): a phase 3, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group trial. Lancet 2010;376:1329-37. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61086-0 PMID: 20851460 [ Links ]

    6. Skoler-Karpoff S, Ramjee G, Ahmed K, Altini L, Plagianos M, Friedland B et al. Efficacy of Carraguard for prevention of HIV infection in women in South Africa: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2008;372:1977-87. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61842-5 PMID: 19059048 [ Links ]

    7. Baeten JM, Benki S, Chohan V, Lavreys L, McClelland R, Mandaliya K. Hormonal contraceptive use, herpes simplex virus infection, and risk of HIV-1 acquisition among Kenyan women. AIDS 2007;21:1771-7. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e328270388a PMID: 17690576 [ Links ]

    8. Seiber EE, Bertrand JT, Sullivan TM. Changes in contraceptive method mix in developing countries. Int Fam Plan Perspect 2007;33:117-23. doi: 10.1363/3311707 PMID: 17938094 [ Links ]

    9. Curtis KM, Chrisman CE, Mohllajee AP, Peterson HB. Effective use of hormonal contraceptives: part I: combined oral contraceptive pills. Contraception 2006;73:115-24. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2005.08.003 PMID: 16413842 [ Links ]

    10. Chrisman CE, Curtis KM, Mohllajee AP, Gaffield ME, Peterson HB. Effective use of hormonal contraceptives: part II: combined hormonal injectables, progestogen-only injectables and contraceptive implants. Contraception 2006;73:125-33. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2005.08.004 PMID: 16413843 [ Links ]

    11. Reynolds HW, Steiner MJ, Cates W. Contraception's proved potential to fight HIV. Sex Transm Infect 2005;81:184-5. doi: 10.1136/sti.2004.012013 PMID: 15800107 [ Links ]

    12. Martin HL, Nyange PM, Richardson BA, Lavreys L, Mandaliya K, Jackson DJ et al. Hormonal contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, and risk of heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Infect Dis 1998;178:1053-9. doi: 10.1086/515654 PMID: 9806034 [ Links ]

    13. Bulterys M, Smith D, Chao A, Jaffe H. Hormonal contraception and incident HIV-1 infection: New insight and continuing challenges. AIDS 2007;21:97-9. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3280117cb5 PMID: 17148973 [ Links ]

    14. Morrison CS, Pai-Lien C, Cynthia K, Richardson BA, Chipato T, Mugerwa R et al. Hormonal contraception and HIV acquisition: reanalysis using marginal structural modeling. AIDS 2010;24:1778. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32833a2537 PMID: 20588106 [ Links ]

    15. Baeten JM, Lavreys L, Overbaugh J. The influence of hormonal contraceptive use on HIV-1 transmission and disease progression. Clin Infect Dis 2007;45:360-9. doi: 10.1086/519432 PMID: 17599316 [ Links ]

    16. Kiddugavu M, Makumbi F, Wawer MJ, Serwadda D, Sewankambo NK, Wabwire-Mangen F et al. Hormonal contraceptive use and HIV-1 infection in a population-based cohort in Rakai, Uganda. AIDS 2003;17:233. doi: 10.1097/00002030-200301240-00014 PMID: 12545084 [ Links ]

    17. Kleinschmidt I, Rees H, Delany S, Smith D, Dinat N, Nkala B et al. Injectable progestin contraceptive use and risk of HIV infection in a South African family planning cohort. Contraception 2007;75:461-7. doi: 10.1016/j. contraception.2007.02.002 PMID: 17519153 [ Links ]

    18. Heffron R, Donnell D, Rees H, Celum C, Mugo N, Were E et al. Use of hormonal contraceptives and risk of HIV-1 transmission: a prospective cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis 2012;12:19-26. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70247-X PMID: 21975269 [ Links ]

    19. Wand H, Ramjee G. The effects of injectable hormonal contraceptives on HIV seroconversion and on sexually transmitted infections. AIDS 2012;26:375-80. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32834f990f PMID: 22156970 [ Links ]

    20. Morrison CS, Skoler-Karpoff S, Kwok C, Chen PL, van de Wijgert J, Gehret-Plagianos M et al. Hormonal contraception and the risk of HIV acquisition among women in South Africa. AIDS 2012;26:497. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32834fa13d PMID: 22156973 [ Links ]

    21. Hormonal contraception and HIV (Technical Statement). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2012. [ Links ]

    22. Davis KR, Weller SC. The effectiveness of condoms in reducing heterosexual transmission of HIV. Fam Plann Perspect 1999;31:272-9. doi: 10.2307/2991537 PMID: 10614517 [ Links ]

    23. Weller S, Davis K. Condom effectiveness in reducing heterosexual HIV transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2002;1:CD003255. PMID: 11869658 [ Links ]

    24. Wand H, Ramjee G. Combined impact of sexual risk behaviors for HIV seroconversion among women in Durban, South Africa: Implications for prevention policy and planning. AIDS Behav 2011;15:479-86. doi: 10.1007/s10461-010-9845-2 PMID: 20981479 [ Links ]

    25. Ramjee G, Williams B, Gouws E, Van Dyck E, Deken B, Karim S. The impact of incident and prevalent herpes simplex virus-2 infection on the incidence of HIV-1 infection among commercial sex workers in South Africa. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2005;39:333. doi: 10.1097/01.qai.0000144445.44518.ea PMID: 15980695 [ Links ]

    26. Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E, Wand H. Point and interval estimates of partial population attributable risks in cohort studies: examples and software. Cancer Causes Control 2007;18:571-9. doi: 10.1007/s10552-006-0090-y PMID: 17387622 [ Links ]

    27. Wand H, Spiegelman D, Law M, Jalaludin B, Kaldor J, Maher L. Estimating population attributable risk for hepatitis C seroconversion in injecting drug users in Australia: implications for prevention policy and planning. Addiction 2009;104:2049-56. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02704.x PMID: 19804463 [ Links ]

    28. Ramjee G, Wand H, Whitaker C, McCormack S, Padian N, Kelly C et al. HIV incidence among non-pregnant women living in selected rural, semi-rural and urban areas in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. AIDS Behav 2011:Epub 2011 Sep 25. PMID: 21947836 [ Links ]

    29. Mostad SB, Overbaugh J, DeVange DM, Welch MJ, Chohan B, Mandaliya K et al. Hormonal contraception, vitamin A deficiency, and other risk factors for shedding of HIV-1 infected cells from the cervix and vagina. Lancet 1997;350:922-7. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(97)04240-2 PMID: 9314871 [ Links ]

    30. Myer L, Denny L, Wright TC, Kuhn L. Prospective study of hormonal contraception and women's risk of HIV infection in South Africa. Int J Epidemiol 2007;36:166-74. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyl251 PMID: 17175547 [ Links ]

    31. Ungchusak K, Rehle T, Thammapornpilap P, Spiegelman D, Brinkmann U, Siraprapasiri T. Determinants of HIV infection among female commercial sex workers in northeastern Thailand: results from a longitudinal study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 1996;12:500-7. doi: 10.1097/00042560-199608150-00010 PMID: 8757428 [ Links ]