SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

Article References

MERCADO, Erik H. et al. Serotipos de neumococo en niños portadores antes de la vacunación antineumocócica en el Perú. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.1, pp. 53-60. ISSN 1726-4634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1726-46342012000100008.

    1. Valenzuela MT, OLoughlin R, De La Hoz F, Gomez E, Constenla D, Sinha A, et al. The burden of pneumococcal disease among Latin American and Caribbean children: review of the evidence. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2009;25(3):270-9. [ Links ]

    2. Padilla J, Lindo F, Rojas R, Tantalen J, Surez V, Cabezas C, et al. Etiology of community acquired pneumonia in children 2-59 months old in two ecologically different communities from Peru. Arch Argent Pediatr. 2010;108(6):516-23. [ Links ]

    4.. Ochoa TJ, Egoavil M, Castillo ME, Reyes I, Chaparro E, Silva W, et al. Invasive pneumococcal diseases among hospitalized children in Lima, Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2010;28(2):121-127   [ Links ]

    5. Lloyd-Evans NT, ODempsey TJ, Baldeh I, Secka O, Demba E, Todd JE, et al. Nasopharyngeal carriage of pneumococci in Gambian children and their families. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1996;15(10):866-71. [ Links ]

    6. Bogaert D, De Groot R, Hermans PW. Streptococcus pneumoniae colonisation: the key to pneumococcal disease. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004;4(3):144-54. [ Links ]

    7. Garca-Vera C. Estado de portador de neumococo en nios y su relacin con la enfermedad invasiva: qu ha cambiado tras la introduccin de la vacuna conjugada?. Revista Pediatra de Atencin Primaria. 2010;12(47):457-82. [ Links ]

    8. Frazo N, Brito-Av A, Simas C, Saldanha J, Mato R, Nunes S, et al. Effect of the seven-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine on carriage and drug resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy children attending day-care centers in Lisbon. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005;24(3):243-52. [ Links ]

    9. Ghaffar F, Barton T, Lozano J, Muniz LS, Hicks P, Gan V, et al. Effect of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on nasopharyngeal colonization by Streptococcus pneumoniae in the first 2 years of life. Clin Infect Dis. 2004;39(7):930-8. [ Links ]

    10. Cullotta AR, Kalter HD, Delgado J, Gilman RH, Facklam RR, Velapatino B, et al. Antimicrobial susceptibilities and serotype distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from a low socioeconomic area in Lima, Peru. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002;9(6):1328-31. [ Links ]

    11. Ochoa TJ, Rupa R, Guerra H, Hernandez H, Chaparro E, Tamariz J, et al. Penicillin resistance and serotypes/ serogroups of Streptococcus pneumoniae in nasopharyngeal carrier children younger than 2 years in Lima, Peru. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2005;52(1):59-64. [ Links ]

    12. Perilla M J, Ajello G, Bopp C, Elliot J, Facklam R, Knapp J S, et al. Manual de Laboratorio para la identificacin y prueba de susceptibilidad a los antimicrobianos de patgenos bacterianos de importancia para la Salud Pblica en el mundo en desarrollo. Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Salmonella serotipo Typhi y Vibrio cholerae. Atlanta, Georgia: OMS;.2004, p. 49-67; 269-73. [ Links ]

    13. Joshi HH, Gertz RE Jr, da Gloria Carvalho M, Beall BW. Use of silica desiccant packets for specimen storage and transport to evaluate pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage among Nepalese children. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46(9):3175-6. [ Links ]

    14. Quintero B, Araque M. Perfil serolgico y antibiotipia de cepas de Streptococcus pneumoniae aisladas de portadores nasales peditricos. Invest Clin. 2006;47(1):17-26. [ Links ]

    15. Solrzano-Santos F, Ortiz-Ocampo LA, Miranda-Novales MG, Echniz-Avils G, Soto-Noguern A, Guiscafr- Gallardo H, et al. Serotipos prevalentes de Streptococcus pneumoniae colonizadores de nasofaringe, en nios del Distrito Federal. Salud Publica Mex. 2005;47(4):276-81. [ Links ]

    16. Mogdasy MC, Camou T, Fajardo C, Hortal M. Colonizing and invasive strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Uruguayan children: type distribution and patterns of antibiotic resistance. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1992;11(8):648-52. [ Links ]

    17. Trucco O, Prado V, Inostroza J, Cabrera E, Teran R, Bravo R, et al. Prevalencia de Streptococcus pneumoniae resistente a penicillina en ninos que asisten a jardines infantiles en Santiago. Rev Chil Pediatr. 1998;67(5):195-9. [ Links ]

    18. Kuch A, Sadowy E, Skoczyńska A, Hryniewicz W. First report of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6D isolates from invasive infections. Vaccine. 2010;28(39):6406-7. [ Links ]

    19. Jin P, Kong F, Xiao M, Oftadeh S, Zhou F, Liu C, et al. First report of putative Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6D among nasopharyngeal isolates from Fijian children. J Infect Dis. 2009;200(9):1375-80. [ Links ]

    21. Bello Gonzlez T, Rivera-Olivero IA, Pocaterra L, Spadola E, Araque M, Hermans PW, et al. Estado de portador nasofarngeo de Streptococcus pneumonia en madres e hijos de la poblacin indgena Panare del estado Bolvar, Venezuela. Rev Argent Microbiol. 2010;42(1):30-4. [ Links ]

    22. Lagos R, Muoz A, San Martin O, Maldonado A, Hormazabal JC, Blackwelder WC, et al. Age- and serotype-specific pediatric invasive pneumococcal disease: insights from systematic surveillance in Santiago, Chile, 1994—2007. J Infect Dis. 2008;198(12):1809-17. [ Links ]

    23. Gamboa L, Camou T, Hortal M, Castaeda E; Sireva- Viga Working Group. Dissemination of Streptococcus pneumoniae clone Colombia 5-19 in Latin America. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40(11):3942-50. [ Links ]

    24. Pichichero ME, Casey JR.Emergence of a multiresistant serotype 19A pneumococcal strain not included in the 7-valent conjugate vaccine as an otopathogen in children. JAMA. 2007;298(15):1772-8. [ Links ]

    25. Diaz S, Morales S, Gonzalez D, Salazar E. Serotipos de Streptococcus pneumoniae aislados de procesos invasivos, 1999Abril 2000. Libro de Resmenes del VII Congreso Peruano de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales 2001; 30 de agosto al 2 de setiembre. Lima, Per. Sociedad Peruana de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales. 2001. p. 30. [ Links ]