• Inequity in health: it'shistorical Development Historia de la Salud Pública

    Salaverry García, Oswaldo

    Abstract in Spanish:

    La inequidad en salud, centro de los debates contemporáneos sobre salud pública, se asienta en bases filosóficas e históricas que se remontan a la idea de justicia de la Grecia clásica. Se revisa la aproximación Aristotélica sobre la justicia distributiva y su forma superior la epiekeia o equidad y como esta evoluciona durante el medioevo y la modernidad hasta llegar a ser el centro del debate para pensadores tan diversos como el liberal Rawls y el premio nobel Amartya Sen. Sobre ese debate conceptual se resume la versión de la Organización Mundial de la Salud que vincula equidad con determinantes de la salud e intenta operativizarla a través de la provisión equitativa de servicios de salud.

    Abstract in English:

    Health inequity, main issue of contemporary debates on public health, is based on philosophical and historical concepts that date back to the idea of justice from classic Greece. The Aristotelian approach on distributive justice and its higher form, epiekeia or equity, has been reviewed, as well as how this evolves from the Middle Ages and modernity to the heart of the debate of a variety of thinkers such as liberal Rawls and Nobel laureate Amartya Sen. On this conceptual debate lies the World Health Organization version that links equity to health determinants and intends to make it operational through the equitable provision of health services.
Instituto Nacional de Salud Lima - Lima - Peru
E-mail: revmedex@ins.gob.pe